Brihadeeswarar Temple at Thanjavur – an architectural marvel of ancient India
India is a very ancient country in this world. Which is known for its magnificent culture. Whenever we read about the history of India. We really get to know its very shocking facts. And in today’s time, we get to see many ancient buildings. And one of them is the Brihadeeswarar Temple in Thanjavur. Whose architecture is really nothing short of a miracle?
The Brihadeeswarar Temple or the Peruvudaiyar Kovil Temple dedicated to Lord Shiva is located in Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu. And this temple is one of the most beautiful architectural sites in India. This temple was built by Rajaraja Chola I, the ruler of the Chola dynasty in 1010 AD. The Brihadeeswarar temple was constructed to reflect royal ceremonies and the power and vision of the emperor.
The art and architecture of the Chola dynasty were magnificent, reflected in their temples, and built-in the Dravidian style. In addition, all the temples are built on the rules of axial and symmetric geometry, reflecting the wonders of engineering (pro geology) of the time. Almost all the structures are axially lined together. The Brihadeeswarar Temple is listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site (under the Great Living Chola Temple).
Facts about Temple:
Only granite was used to prepare the entire temple structure. It is believed that 130,000 tons of granite were used to build the Brihadeeswarar temple. The height of this temple tower is 216 feet and among such structures, it is the tallest temple in the world.
At the entrance of the Brihadeeswarar Temple, there is a huge statue of Nandi (venerable bull). Which are 16 feet in width and 13 feet in height. This statue of Nandi has been carved with the same stone.
The tallest structure of this Brihadeeswarar Temple, known as “Kumbam”. Weighs about 60 tons, carved from the outside, made of granite stone only.
There are two doors to enter the eastern side of the temple, which is known as “Gopura”.
The exterior of the Brihadeeswarar Temple is furnished with hundreds of statues. While inside the temple, a huge statue of Trinetri (three-eyed) Lord Shiva is installed in the complex. The third eye of Lord Shiva is shown closed. The entire complex of the temple has 250 Lingganas (representatives of Lord Shiva).
The 108 dances performed by Lord Shiva, known as “Karma”, are carved in the form of a statue on the inner walls of the temple’s sacred site.
The Brihadeeswarar Temple has a colossal chamber. And a mass chamber is known as the pavilion and several sub-shrines. The inner mandap is the most important part of the temple. The pavilions are divided into different levels with the help of statues and pillars.
Statues of “Asht-Dikpalakas” or guardians of directions are enshrined in the Brahadeeswarar Temple, one of the rarest temples in India. Six feet high statues of Agni, Varuna, Indra, Yama, Vayu, Ishaan, Kubera, and Nairut are installed in a separate temple.
An architectural marvel of ancient India
It is believed that the shadow of the dome at the entrance of the temple never falls on the ground. Especially on the Brihadeeswarar Temple premises.
Places to visit nearby
The palaces have been partially constructed by the Nayaks and Marathas. Including an art gallery inside the Saraswati Mahal building and some attractions around the Sangeet Mahal that you can visit during the trip.
How to reach Brihadeeswarar Temple Thanjavur?
All three modes of transport such as road, rail, and air route can be used to reach Thanjavur.
Frequent bus services are available from nearby cities to Thanjavur. You can either travel by Tamil Nadu state government bus or a private bus.
The nearest railway station is Thanjavur Junction, while the nearest airport is Tiruchirappalli Airport which is 65 km from Thanjavur. Is situated at this distance.